Issue #3, 20 March 2013

Hi All,

It is safe to say that nearly all of Aurea’s customers come to us with the diamond shape they want and look to Aurea to make the ring/ item around this diamond.

Before we cover the more popular types of diamonds, we will go over some terms that are thrown around which can be confusing and ultimately don’t offer a clear understanding of what they actually mean.

Happy Reading,
Aurea Designs

 Diamond in the Rough

A diamond in its raw condition is fairly plain. They are usually dull and have tattered external surfaces and opaque skin. It is the polishing and cutting of facets that give diamonds their “fire”. This is done by a "Cutter".

Cutters look at the raw diamond and decide which shape to cut. There are a number of factors that determine what shape will be made and these include the shape and maximum usage of the raw stone, location of internal flaws or "inclusions" as well as demand for certain shapes.

Cut does not mean the shape (pear, oval), but the symmetry, proportioning and polish of a diamond. The quality of the cutting of diamonds, which creates the facets, greatly impacts a diamond's brilliance; this means if it is cut poorly, it will be less luminous therefore lower quality. This affects all diamonds, regardless of shape.

The term "Brilliant" has also taken on a meaning which is at times confusing. Aurea has found that when people say they would like a brilliant diamond, they usually mean a round diamond. Brilliant is a cutting technique, meaning a diamond can be round but not be Brilliant. In other words, all diamond types can be Brilliant if this style of cutting is used to create them. Generally though, Brilliant diamond shapes other than round are called Fancy cuts. These include princess and cushion cut diamonds.

 Now these are Diamonds

Modern technology has made it possible for diamond cutters to develop a never ending range of diamonds and is only limited by the raw stone and the cutters imagination. Even though this is the case, there are a number shapes that have stood the test of time in popularity.

Of all the diamond types available, Round brilliant has been the most popular for over 100 years as well as being the most studied with precise calculations. A round brilliant diamond generally has 58 facets and account for nearly 75% of all diamonds sold worldwide.

The next popular diamond is the princess cut which is square or slightly rectangular in shape with pointed orners. The Princess cut diamond has enjoyed increased popularity in recent times.

Other popular shapes include emerald, cushion, oval, marquise, pear and heart. Each type of diamond has its own “x factor” such as the Marquise. This shape is popular as it maximizes carat weight giving the appearance of a larger diamond than another shape of the same carat weight.

What is quite interesting is that even though round brilliant is the most popular diamond, most of the famous diamonds are not round brilliant. Each type of diamond has its own story on how it came about. Aurea’s favourite is the Marquise cut. Legend has it King Louis the 14th of France, had an artisan craft a diamond to honour his mistress, the Marquise de Pompadour and its shape is meant to resemble her beautiful smile.

The most popular types of diamonds are shown below


If you would like any further information on this topic or any other jewellery
related manner, please contact us and we will provide all the assistance we can.


Aurea Designs

Makers of Fine Jewellery


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